Written by Laura Dyrda
A group of spine surgeon researchers examined trends for thromboembolic complications in children who underwent spinal fusion and published their results in Spine.
The data was gathered from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2001 to 2010 and includes children 18 years old or younger. Here are five findings from the study:
1. VTE incidence among children varied from 9.6 to 38.4 events per 10,000 spinal fusions depending on the year. The average over the nine-year period was 21 events per 10,000 spinal fusions. A study published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found older patients in their 50s were more likely than younger patients to develop VTE after spinal fusion, and men were more likely than women to develop VTE. Additional factors associated with VTE included:
• White race
• Longer hospital stays
• Multiple procedures done during hospitalization
2. The incidence of PE varied from zero to six events per 10,000 spinal fusions. The average was two events per 10,000 spinal fusions.